Dear Readers, Today the topic is about Causes of Diabetes: Virus Infections–The Risk of Life Style- Smoking-Age-Tension and Stress-Organic Disorders and Race. Diabetes mellitus is seventh leading cause of death and poses a major health hazard in most countries including India.
In United States around 5.9 percent of the population is effected by diabetes. While 10.3 million people are diagnosed in which 5.4 million people found with diabetes disease and they are not aware of it.
Approximately 2200 people are diagnosed each day. In the United States around 180,000 people die due to diabetes disease and its complication.
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When pancreas effects by infections with coxsackie B virus it result in damage of beta cell, auto antibody development, type 1 insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. It can be diagnosed by islet antibody test and viral antibody test. On the basis of auto immunity it can indicate potential juvenile diabetes in a family.
The Risk of Life Style
Lack of exercises and physical work leads to develop diabetes disease. Modern convenience make the life easier and most of the people working on system continuously for hours without moving. Less activity results in developing diabetes. Physical activity and exercises help to lose weight, uses up glucose as energy which is present in the blood and it makes the cells more sensitive to insulin. Consequently pancreas is prevented from workload.
Exercise also benefit for other health problems and muscle mass. Nearly 90 percent of the blood sugar gets absorb into the muscle. Less muscle mass due to physical inactivity or age reduces the space for blood sugar, which result in blood sugar remains in the blood stream.
Smoking: An Important Risk Factor
Smoking plays a vital role in developing diabetes. Among men smoking leads to the risk of developing diabetes doubled. Among women who smoke 20 or more cigarettes leads to the developing diabetes 40 percent more than in general. It also reduces retinal blood flow which leads to retinopathy. It limits joint mobility and decreases the insulin absorption.
When diabetes people smoke it enhances the premature mortality. It depends on the smoking count of cigarette in a day and the number of years he has been smoking it’s just like slow poison to heath.
As the people grow older especially at the age of 45 years the risk of type 2 diabetes increases because as the people grow older they become less active, gain weight and lose muscle mass. Among people in their 40s there has been more risk of diabetes due to sedentary life style.
Tension and Stress
Stress can be physical or emotional like serious infection, surgery, emotional shock or an accident. Since there is connection between diabetes mellitus and stress, those who lead an irregular life style or under stress need to take care of their health through precautions and need to change life style. Stress result in pancreatic insufficiency leads to diabetes.
Anxiety, worry and grief resulting from close relative death, examinations, job loss, business failure and strained marital relationships, all these have great influence on metabolism and result in the appearance of sugar in the urine.
Diabetes associated with organic disorders like tuberculosis, cancer and other diseases. So many other factors also caused diabetes which includes metabolic and genetic disorders. Secretion of insulin is inadequate by the pancreas functions of other endocrine glands like thyroid, adrenal, smoking, pituitary, alcohol and the consumption of certain drugs.
The reason is not clear but the people of certain races develop diabetes than others.
Note: If any serious health problems please consult to your doctor immediately. In case of Pregnant women or any other serious health problem then the above tips should be followed under the guidance of your health-care practitioner.
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